Occupying, the third position in terms of fabric/ material trade worldwide signifies the importance of Eco-textile Industrialization for India, Globally; India is now putting all her attention into creating new &more Textile Engineering courses into every Learning Institution.


Sustainable textiles are textiles or fabric that is invented in an environmentally friendly by using less of chemicals thus there are very less of health issues associated. But what Is Sustainable & Eco-Friendly Textiles exactly is? Let’s check.

For any kind of textile to be demonstrable- it has to be made from a renewable resource, it has to have enough good ecological impression (how much land it takes to bring it to full growth and carry it), and it should not utilize any (or usage must be little) chemicals in the growing and for further processing of it.

The most justiciable statement of sustainability put forward by the World Commission on Environment and Development is ‘meeting the requirement of the present Globeovercoming the challenges and without compromising the capacity of future generations to meet their needs and desires’

In modern times sustainability is a foremost trait of fabrics fashion products. Textile fashion organization is mostly focusing on sustainable by-products these days so that they can meet the environmental and social strands. For getting involved in the competitive advantage in fashion business companies have to take care of PEST factors, and must be aware of recent time’s trends of the market scenario.

Foundation of Sustainable & Eco-Friendly Textiles/Fabrics.

In Textile Engineering one of the most favourable developments in sustainable textiles is flax, a stalky and fibrous plant that can be grown with least quantity of water and fewer pesticides compared to cotton and fabricated at a lower price. The plants do not require large-scale or boundless irrigation and can flourish without chemical involvement.

Eco-friendly materials are assembled from fibres that needless quantity of pesticides or chemicals to grow. They have a natural ability to resistant to shape and spoiling and are disease resistant. Linen is eco-friendly material. Also once it is cultivated all parts of the plant can be utilized, making a number of by-products and nothing gets misused.

Some of the Sustainable Technologies & Practices Includes:

  1. Green Colour Dyes Practice.
  2. Systems, Control & Management Technology.
  3. Waste Water Treatment Technology.
  4. Colouration& Eco-Friendly Bleaching Method.
  5. Bio-Processing Of Fabrics Mechanism.
  6. Enzymatic decreasing Means.
  7. Enzymatic Bio-Scouring (by using lipase/cellulose enzyme)Technology.
  8. Enzymatic Bleaching Method.
  9. Bio-Polishing & Enzymatic Based Softeners (Cellulase) Process.
  10. Bio-Stone Washing (Denim Finishing) Process

Air Dye Technology

Air-Dye technique manages the appeal of colour to fabrics using no water mixing into it. The method of making the material can require quite a hefty dozen gallons of water for making each pound of clothing. The Air Dye activity employs more of air rather than the use of water to help the dyes puncture, a whole mastery uses less amount of energy than the old orthodox methods of dyeing, this type of method works only on synthetic fabrics.


LeadAttribute of Air Dye Technology

  1. Avoid contamination of water in the colour supplication process. Using air as an alternative mode instead of water to convey dye, no harmful waste is discharged and no water at all is misused.
  2. Energy is used according to the requirements, thereby the costs are lowered and also satisfying the set-up standards towards global management.
  3. Emission of Boilers usage, screen printing machines methods/techniques, drying ovens processes or cleaning and usage of abrasive chemicals, thereby avoiding the creation of any pollution factors.

Why we are in need of other Alternatives:

In recent times in one hand where Textile Engineers are taught to the usage of most commonly used fabric material in upholstery fabric manufacturing is Cotton and on the others the whole concept of Textile Engineering is stressed on the present scenario based on the factor of fast-growing population that will generate an increas­ing want for textile materials, focusing mainly into cotton, but in the meantime there is no alternative land available for cotton farming.

The disparity between the demand and supply of Cotton can be reduced only by using chemi­cal fibres but the production of the same fibres depends only on non-renewable petro­leum stocks and that we all prefer for natural fibres due to their comfort and ease in using.

Innovations in Home Textiles: A brief Introduction.

Innovations are a never-ending practice. Textile Engineering is a home textile which is basically growth of the innovative and quality finishing. The demand for home textiles is rapidly capturing the market though there is the wide use of textiles for making clothing. Globallyamongst the top 5 the Indian home textiles founded a place according to a study conducted by the US department of commerce.

Home and Textile Industries, after apparels, are being considered as the next big opportunity for the point of trade. There are experts who believe that broadening in the home textile market is linked to building an overall healthy economy of any country.

Labels/Brands have a major role in making home textile products, which can ensure a heavy consistency in demand. Presently, in-home textiles materials that are being used by an interior designer is to give the shopper the alternatives to be the mastery by providing the options that he rightly deserves.

One can become aware of the variety of innovative home decor materials/fabric to suit one’s wants and mood. If the right material is being used for home furnishings, it can reinstate the warmth, and they are also accessible in varied colours, selectable print, quality, and textiles.

Production in India for Home Textiles

Karur, Panipat, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Mirzapur and Badhohi, Jaipur.


Booming of sustainable and home textiles can bring foreign currencies, increase in Export, automation, factory-made or machine-made, industrialization and benefaction to GDP within a short reach of time. Both textiles sectors have created an integral part of the community and economy of India globally.

The subsidy of home textiles in textile Industrial sector needs to increase by proper design & planning, set accord to government policies& schemes, functional and constructive entrepreneurship for facing the contemporary &fashionable challenges in the world market for creating jobs for textile Engineers.

Again, according to the production area in India, countryside regions are a big option for investment, which will provide raw material or rather sustainability raw fabrics to the company in cities creating employment in huge numbers. If we invest more we can develop a growth curve in both textile sectors in demand graph.